Debt-to-Asset Ratio: Calculation and Explanation

what does debt to asset ratio mean

If there is a steady increase in the ratio, it could indicate that there will be a default at some point in the future. From the balance sheet above, we can determine that the total assets are $226,376 and the total liabilities are $53,902. Having looked at the balance sheet, we can now place the figures at the right spot in the debt to asset ratio formula. Once both amounts have been calculated or compiled from the company’s financial statements, each element is to be placed at the appropriate spot of the debt to asset ratio formula. The total liabilities will be the dividend while the total amount in the assets will act as the divisor.

what does debt to asset ratio mean

The debt-to-capital ratio is a measurement of a company’s financial leverage. The debt-to-capital ratio is calculated by taking the company’s interest-bearing debt, both short- and long-term liabilities and dividing it by the total capital. Total capital is all interest-bearing debt plus shareholders’ equity, which may include items such as common stock, preferred stock, and minority interest. The debt to equity ratio measures the proportion of a company’s financing provided by creditors (debt) compared to that provided by shareholders (equity). A company’s debt to assets ratio can vary depending on its stage in the business life cycle. Start-ups and early-stage companies often rely more on debt to finance their growth, resulting in higher ratios.

Debt to Asset Ratio FAQ

This ratio offers a picture of how a company is managing its finances — how much debt it is using to finance its assets in comparison to how much is supplied by shareholders or owners. As such, it can be used to measure the financial health of a business and compare it to other enterprises. The ratio can be expressed as a percentage, which in this example would be 60%. Generally, a lower debt ratio indicates a stronger financial position, as the business is better able to meet debt obligations and greater liquidity is maintained. However, it is important to understand not only a company’s leverage position, but also its ability to meet debt obligations when needed.

Other common financial stability ratios include times interest earned, days sales outstanding, inventory turnover, etc. These measures take into account different figures from the balance sheet other than just total assets and liabilities. Debt-to-equity (D/E) ratio can help investors identify highly leveraged companies that may pose risks during business downturns. Investors can compare a company’s D/E ratio with the average for its industry and those of competitors to gain a sense of a company’s reliance on debt. In fact, debt can enable the company to grow and generate additional income. But if a company has grown increasingly reliant on debt or inordinately so for its industry, potential investors will want to investigate further.

Evaluate Capital Structure

A firm that lends money will want to compare its ratios of one business against others to come to an accurate analysis. Understanding the debt to asset ratio is a key debt to asset ratio part of a company staying afloat financially. It tells you how well a business is performing financially and if it can afford to continue or needs revaluation.

  • So if a company has total assets of $100 million and total debt of $30 million, its debt ratio is 0.3 or 30%.
  • Once this amount is gotten, it can fit into the debt to asset ratio formula.
  • A debt ratio of 30% may be too high for an industry with volatile cash flows, in which most businesses take on little debt.
  • The higher the debt ratio, the more leveraged a company is, implying greater financial risk.
  • During periods of economic downturn or recession, companies may struggle to generate sufficient cash flow, leading to an increase in the ratio.

The trend analysis of historical performance will show how the company has acquired and grown its assets and how its financial risk profile is evolving. Hence, benchmarking is an essential part of ratio analysis, where you compare companies of a similar size and business model in the same industry. While a low debt ratio leads to better creditworthiness, having too little debt is also risky. Having a poor debt to asset ratio lowers the chances that you’ll receive a good interest rate or a loan at all in the future. Finally, she plugs both of these figures into the debt to asset equation to find the raw decimal value of her company’s ratio.

What Is the Total-Debt-to-Total-Assets Ratio?

A company in this case may be more susceptible to bankruptcy if it cannot repay its lenders. Thus, lenders and creditors will charge a higher interest rate on the company’s loans in order to compensate for this increase in risk. In the banking and financial services sector, a relatively high D/E ratio is commonplace.